Thu. May 13th, 2021

American, European and French Roulette: Differences and Variations

It’s not always about casino promotion, here’s all you need to know about the three variants of roulette

After playing with roulette for a while, you may start to wonder if there’s more to roulette than what you’ve already been playing with. This is common among intermediate players, when players are beginning to think of ways to spice up their gameplay.
This is how players normally progress as a roulette player. They may begin with, firstly, understanding the fundamental rules and strategies to playing roulette. Casual players would normally stop here, but serious players would continue to learn about the different variants of roulette to further improve their adaptability while gambling in different casinos.
Among those are the American, European and French 5 Reasons To Visit The Country of Love

roulette. While players may realise halfway through their gameplay that the three variants are rather similar, there are still several significant differences players should take note of that’ll affect the gameplay.
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Layout of the Roulette

Before delving deep into all the rules and strategies that’ll aid you in increasing your chances of winning in your game of roulette, it’s important to get to know the differences in layout between the three roulette variants.
For starters, European roulette will be the most common roulette players will encounter in most casinos, both online and landed. This variant is extremely popular in of course, Europe, and most of Asia. The game uses a single zero roulette wheel and 36 numbers. The number of grid is presented horizontally on the table. You’ll find the typical outside and inside bets and type of bets you can place on the grids (low, even, red, black, odd, and high) on the table.
Other than the language, players might find the layout of French roulette rather similar to that of European. The first thing players notice may be the single zero roulette wheel with 36 other numbers. What differs this roulette variant from the rest lies within the placement of the different types of bets, such as how the dozen bets are presented on the upper and lower section of the grid while the outside bets are located on both sides of the grid instead of one.
Compared to the previous two roulette variants, you’ll be able to differentiate an American roulette almost instantaneously as you set your eyes on it. Just like the European roulette, it’s considered as one of the more popular variant. Instead of a single zero roulette wheel and 36 numbers, the American roulette uses a double zero roulette wheel and 36 numbers. Unlike its counterparts, the American roulette has its number grid laid out vertically, and its single zero and double zero bets located by the side.

Differences in Rules

It’s very important for players to get all the basics down before beginning to play if players’ don’t wish to lose their money over silly betting mistakes. With the different variants, comes the different rules to the game.
If anything, most players would normally choose to start off with European roulette due to how easy it is for players to pick up. First, players would have to place a bet on which numbered pocket the ball will land after the spin. Then the croupier will spin the roulette wheel, while another will spin the roulette ball in the opposite direction. Players who’ve successfully predicted the correct numbered pocket in which the ball lands, will receive their payout. European and French roulettes generally run by the same rules, since both roulettes have a single zero roulette wheel as well as 36 numbers.
The only two rules French roulette have which differs it from the rest of the variants are ‘La Partage’ and ‘En Prison’ (also known as call bet). La Partage means ‘the divide’ in French, and you’ll know why once you know the rules associated with this name. When this rule is effective, players will be able to retrieve half of their bets back even when the ball lands in the zero pocket and players loses an outside bet. As for En Prison, which means ‘in prison’ in French, dictates that players stand another chance to win their bets back when the ball lands on zero. Depending on the outcome of the following spin, the bets will either go back to the players, or claimed by the house entirely.
As for American roulette, the rules are slightly different from the other two variants due to its extra pocket from the double zero roulette wheel, which in turn increases the number of pockets. Depending on which region you’re playing at, some American roulette uses the ‘surrender’ rule, which is similar to French roulette’s ‘La Partage’ rule.


Now that you’ve got the basics down, it’s time to learn about the different types of bets and how you should go about betting in a game of roulette. They can be summarised into three main categories, which are the inside, outside, and announced bets.
Inside and outside bets are one of the more common bets in roulette. Just as the name suggests, players can place inside bets directly on the numbers, and outside bets are placed outside the numbers on the roulette table layout. If you’re playing online, you might want to check to see if there are any casino promotion prior to placing any bets.
Let’s begin with inside bets. The type of bets include straight up, split, street, six line, corner, trio, basket and top line. Among those that has the highest payout are straight up, where players can place a bet on a single number, awarding up to 36 times the bet amount; and split, where bets can be placed on two numbers situated next to each other, paying out up to 18 times the bet amount. The inside bets cover the numbers 1 to 6 and pays anywhere from 6 times to 36 times the original bet amount, so players won’t have to worry about losing too much of their bet as long as they gamble responsibly.
There are, in total, 6 outside bets players will have to learn about prior to playing. They include red or black, even or odd, high or low, dozen, column, as well as snake bet. The payout amount may not be as high as that of inside bets, but it is the ideal way of betting for players who wish to play safe.
The croupiers in American and French roulette tables are positioned differently, which in turn also affects how players bet. In American roulette, all the outside bets are only placed on one side of the table. For French roulette however, outside bets can be found on both sides of the table. This dictates how and where players can place bets.
Another kind of bet not all players might have heard of would be the announced bet. It’s a more advanced bet which you may or may not even find in most casinos. Nonetheless, it’s important enough for players to learn the fundamentals of announced bet before heading to the casino for a round of roulette.
Announced bets, or sometimes referred to as call bets, can be placed in two different ways. One of them is simply to announce to the dealer prior to placing your bet. The difference is that it covers a
selected area of the wheel, unlike inside and outside bets where the numbers are located right next to each other. Another way players can place an announced bet is through the racetrack. The racetrack displays the roulette wheel’s number in sequence, with sections specifically categorised for announced bets like ‘tires’, ‘orphelins’, ‘voisins’, and ‘zero’. Not all casinos or roulette tables will have a racetrack, so players will know when they can, or can’t place announced bets.
Another thing players should also take note of is that there’s an extra bet players can place in American roulettes called ‘top line’, which covers the number 0, 00, 1, 2, and 3. As for European and French roulettes, players will possibly encounter the ‘trio’, which covers 0, 2, 3 or 0, 1, 2; as well as ‘basket’, covering the numbers 0, 1, 2, and 3.

Odds and Differences in Strategies

The three roulette variants may look similar, but don’t let that fool you! Players who have tried out the variants would have been able to experience first-handedly how the odds and house edge work with each of the roulettes.
One of the most common perception players have when it comes to roulette odds is that single zero roulettes have better odds than that of double zero roulette. The reason lies within that one extra number in double zero roulette (American roulette). Players believe that European and French roulettes have higher RTP (return to player) rates due to this.
To put things into perspective, European and French roulettes are said to have an RTP rate of about 97.3%, while American roulettes have about 94.74%. Players stand a chance in getting back some of their money back with a game with higher RTP rate. Depending on the casino, extra rules or which variant players are playing, you’ll find that the RTP fluctuates accordingly.
Players should study rules like ‘Surrender’ (from American roulette), ‘La Partage’, and ‘En Prison’ (from French roulette), which has been proven to help increase players’ chances of winning.
Other than that, players should also know when to wager on inside and outside bets, as each of the bets carry their own respective RTP rates. Depending on the payout value of each bets, players may find that winning a certain bet pays out more than another.
A type of bet players should always try to avoid is the ‘top line’ bet frequently seen in American roulettes. With an RTP rate of 92.1%, it’s the least, if not, one of the least rewarding bets players can ever place in a game of roulette.

American, European, and French roulettes are actually more similar than you’d think, and it’s no wonder that it’s easy for players to get the rules and gameplay mixed up. Pay attention to the roulette tables the next time you visit the casino, and you may even surprise yourself with the knowledge you have of the three variants after reading this article. Check out some of the articles by ‘’ if you’d like to know more about casino promotion.